Cellnique Paramedical (Malaysia)

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Skin Problems


Dehydration

AKA dry combination skin, oily dehydrated skin,

Introduction
Most people confuse or misdiagnose their skin between dry and dehydration. Dry skin can be generic and is normally caused by not having enough sebum in the skin, while skin dehydration is from not having enough water.

Skin dehydration happens when the outermost layer of the skin starts to evaporate moisture, and insufficient internal hydration of epidermis. Once this damage occurs, the skin will no longer be a good barrier and causing skin problems such as scarring, taut skin, superficial lines, skin lack of radiance, loss of elasticity and premature aging.

This problem may further develop to:-

Skin Problem

Why

Congestion

• Excessive sebum is being produced to prevent further water loss from the skin surface

Aging

• Low skin moisture content leads to tight, rough and crack of the skin surface

Sensitive

• Reduction in the water content will weaken the skin protection barrier

 

Cellnique solutions on curing skin dehydration:-

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First trial

Intensive Hydrating Complex

The Expert Kit

Hydration Replenishing Kit

Complete Solution

View our complete solution from cleanser, toner, serum, booster, moisturizer, sun protection, foundation and masque.

 

1. Any skin type can be dehydrated, even oily skin.
2. It is characterized by lack of water in the stratum corneum; the outermost layer of the epidermis.
3. Dry skin can be generic.
4. The epidermis can only receive water indirectly by the production and upward movement of new basal cells / keratinocytes containing cellular fluids from the stratum basale, or topical moisturizing of the epidermis layer.
5. The quantity of water transmitted from the basal cells to the outermost skin layers is dependent on the internal hydration ability. (Natural Moisturizing Factor – NMF)
6. Water trapping power of stratum corneum plays an important role in maintaining skin hydration. (Moisture Retaining Factor – MRF)
7. Signs and symptoms of dehydrated skin:
  Development of fine lines on the forehead, around eyes, and cheekbones.
  The skin feels discomfort, tight or itchy.
  The skin looks dull, rough and red.
  Premature aging.
  Loss of skin elasticity, flaking and scaling.
1. Internal factors
  Abnormalities in physiological functions:-
    - Stratum corneum is unable to obtain moisture via the migration of keratinocytes from stratum basale.
    - Deficiency in epidermis causes rapid moisture evaporation.
    - Lacks of Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF) components cause the stratum corneum hardly stay hydrate.
  Illness and medications:-
    - Certain illnesses may cause internal dehydration and ultimately affect the epidermis.
    - Diuretics and many cold and flu remedies dry up mucous have some side-effects on the surface of skin.
    - The use of cortisone also induces dehydration and may produce permanent effects.
  Aging:-
    - Cause a reduction in the water holding capacity and weakening of the skin in preventing excessive water evaporation.
    - Lesser sebum is produced, skin natural moisturizing ability is therefore has declined.
2. Environmental factors
  Environmental factors include dry air, wind, prolonged water exposure (swimming or showers), air conditioning, overheated rooms, and very hot or very cold climates.
  Moisture evaporates quickly within the dry atmosphere. The friction and heat of hot water remove sebum from the skin's surface, inviting capillary damage and dehydration.
3. Improper skin care routine
  Harsh cleanser containing sodium laurel sulfate (SLS) – wash off skin natural protection lipid and leaves skin unprotected and subject to moisture loss.
  Alcohol based toners will remove sebum and act like strong cleansers.
  Light textured or milky moisturizers giving skin little moisture without protection.
  Regular use of scrubs can break down cell cohesion and reduce the skin capacity to retain water.
  Dehydration also results from using harsh acne treatments like hydrogen peroxide, retinoic acid, benzoyl peroxide, hexachlorophene, etc.
4. Unhealthy lifestyle
  Insufficient water intake leading the epidermis fails to compensate the fluid deprivation by drawing moisture from keratinocytes.
  Insufficient healthy fats make skin having difficulties in holding moisture and nutrition.
  Excessive intake of table salt (sodium chloride) can withdraw water from cell, creating water retention and bloating.
  Excessive intake of coffee and tea due to their content of caffeine- diuretic.
  Cigarette smoking will reduce the flow of moisture and nutrition to the cells.
  Too little sleep makes the body unable to repair and renew itself.
5. Over exposure to the sun
  Continual UV rays exposure alters the keratinization process and weaken the ability of the cells in the horny layer to bond together.
  Break down of dermal tissues can affect the transfer of moisture to the epidermis.

 

Surface dehydration causes the skin to overcompensate by producing even more sebum or oil. The result? Not only is your skin still dehydrated, now it’s congested, which may result in acne and even acne scars.

1. Proper skin care routine
 

Steps

Remarks

1. Deep cleansing 

Always remember to use a makeup remover to thoroughly remove all makeup

Use a face wash designed for oily skin and pat dry the skin gently without vigorous rubbing. Avoid over drying cleanser with SLS (sodium laurel sulfate)

2. Serum, moisturizer and masque

Look for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, sodium PCA, panthenol, sodium hyaluronic, and other active ingredients that can provide excellent water holding to the skin.

3. Exfoliation

Use a grainy exfoliant to remove dead skin cells and promote cell regeneration. 

4. Sun Protection

Choose a broad spectrum sun protection with physical blockers, such as titanium dioxide and zinc dioxide. Look for SPF at least 30 and PA+++ for optimum protection

5. Makeup

Keep makeup as light as possible and use makeup only when absolutely necessary. Always use an oil free foundation or makeup products

2. Promote healthy lifestyle
  Consume foods with healthy fats (essential fatty acids like almond, sunflower seeds etc).
  Reduce the consumption of salt as it removes water from body and skin.
  Quit smoking; avoid drinking caffeine drinks and alcohol as they dry your skin.
3. Quit smoking; avoid drinking caffeine drinks and alcohol as they dry your skin.
  Avoid expose to dry air, wind, prolonged water exposure from swimming or showers, air conditioning, overheated rooms, and very hot or very cold climates.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is dry skin and dehydrated skin the same?

They are not the same although both may show some similar signs such as fine lines, skin discomfort, tight or itchy etc. Dry skin is the skin lacks of oil or sebum secreted by pilosebaceous gland whereas dehydrated skin is lack of moisture in the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of epidermis.

Will consumption of coffee and tea worsen the skin dehydration?

Coffee and tea both contain caffeine which is a natural diuretic that elevates the rate of urination and may cause body dehydration. However, it only happens when there is over-consumption of caffeine and there is not direct link between the caffeine and skin dehydration.

Is it true the dry skin type may have also developed dehydrated skin?

There is a very high tendency for dry skin to develop dehydrated skin. We need sebum or lipid from pilosebaceous gland to form the acid-mantel or hydrolipid film to increase the water retention ability of stratum corneum; while reducing the trans-dermal water loss and evaporation. Without this hydrolipid film, skin easily losses their moisture and hence skin dehydration formed.

Why aged skin easily to develop skin dehydration?

As we aged, the secretion of sebum by pilosebaceous gland decreases. Hence, skin is unable to form a hydrolipid film to increase the water retention ability of stratum corneum; while reducing the trans-dermal water loss and evaporation. Without this hydrolipid film, skin easily losses their moisture and hence skin dehydration formed. This is why skin gets dehydrated as we age.

I drink large quantities of water daily, but my skin still dehydrated, why?

There is misconception that drinking water can directly help in skin hydration. But many experts are now refuting the above-mentioned benefits. Unless the individual is severely dehydrated, drinking large quantities of water will not prevent dehydrated skin. The water that is consumed internally will not reach the epidermis. In fact, the water moves through the body system rather quickly. However, sufficient water intake can help maintain the optimum cellular functions and overall wellness of skin.

Cellnique complete solution that helps in skin dehydration?

I would like to try one of your products first, please advice which one should I use?

Intensive Hydrating Complex - a lightweight, smooth formulation with high concentrations of Hyaluronic Acid and Essential Amino acids to bind moisture in the dermal connective tissue and to restore elasticity of the skin, thereby minimizing the appearance of dehydration and helps deliver an instant supple and smooth skin.

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