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Skin Problems

Open Pores

Aka large pores, enlarged pores, visible pores

We have pores all over our body, tiny holes that contain hair follicles and act as outlets for sebum. Pores size vary, when the sebaceous glands are active, the pores appear larger. Pores also appear larger as one gets older and when the skin starts to sag. When pores become enlarge, it may be easily clogged which usually leads to skin discoloration.

At present, no treatments or products that can close pores directly. However, we can reduce the pore size by reduce the activity of the sebaceous glands or improving the skin firmness that tighten the skin.

In healthy skin:-

This problem may further develop to:-

Skin Problem



• Without proper exfoliation, excessive build up of dead skin cells leads to an uneven skin tone


Cellnique solutions on minimizing open pores:-


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First trial

Amino Collagen C Intense Set

The Expert Kit

Pores Diminishing Kit

Complete Solution

View our complete solution from cleanser, toner, serum, booster, moisturizer, sun protection, foundation and masque.


Although enlarged pores may be bothersome in life, they can actually present some benefits as the skin begins to age. People with large pores tend to have oily skin, which can help counteract the drying and wrinkling of skin that occurs with age.

1.   Biological term for open pores is enlarged pilosebaceous pores.
2.   Empty funnel-shaped pores are physiologically present in all individuals.
Funnel: a cone-shaped utensil with a tube at the apex
3.   Enlarged pores are characterized by:
    •   Visible topographic features at the skin surface corresponding to enlarge openings of pilosebaceous follicles
  •   Appear as empty funnel-shaped or cylindrical-shaped structures.
4.   If you have oily skin, you probably suffer from enlarged pores too. If you do not take care of your enlarged pores, it will soon develop into clogged pores that lead to blackheads, whiteheads and acne. (read more on skin congestion and acne)
5.   Even dry skin complexions can suffer from large pores within the dreaded T-zone.
6.   “Many people with enlarge pores are born that way” – which leads some to believe that you can’t do anything about them. This is misled thinking. With just a few simple steps, you can reduce the size of your pores or cover them up.
7.   One very unpleasant fact of life is that our pores appear larger as we age, especially around the nose. Thus enlarged pore is a sign of aging.


1. Excessive sebum secretion
  When the traffic of the sebum effusion along the follicles increases, it causes the opening of the pore enlarges and thickens.
  The over-filling of excessive sebum blocks the follicular openings and thus the wall of the pilosebaceous ducts being stretched to accommodate the hardened sebum. Hence expanding the diameter of pores and losing their natural resilience.
  The stretching activity causes damage on tissues along the pilosebaceous duct.
  In normal circumstance, the stretched tissue will rebound to its original stage, which means the enlarged pores will shrink as the connective tissues (collagen and elastin) are replacing the damaged tissues.
  However, when there is insufficient connective tissue been synthesized and replaced, this causes the permanent enlarged pores.
2. Insufficient connective tissues (lost of collagen and elastin)
  Connective tissues are the structural portions of our body that essentially hold the cells together. It composes two major structural protein molecules, collagen and elastin.
  Connective tissues are the structural portions of our body that essentially hold the cells together. It composes two major structural protein molecules, collagen and elastin.
    - Age factor
      After the age of 20, we lose about 2% of our collagen every year.
      The rims of tissue along the pilosebaceous duct begin to stretch and sag around the edges, which can make the pores appear larger.
    - Prolonged sun exposure or UV radiation
      Epidermis become thicken and the rims of cells are more likely to be collected around individual pore, exaggerating pore diameter and causing enlarged pores.
      Sun exposure and UV radiation will break down elastin and collagen thus interfering the production of new collagen, skin losses its elasticity.
    - Free radical
      Free radical damages include over-degradation of collagen and elastin, worsen the open pores problem.
3. Insufficient sleep
  It contributes to hormonal imbalance and irregular production of sebum
  It leads to metabolic imbalance which turns the healthy acidic skin into alkaline condition, an alkaline skin is prone to skin problems
4. Other factors could be any but not limited to the following:-
  Hormonal changes
  Alcohol and smoking
  Skin dehydration
  Dirt, oil, dead skin cells
  Overuse of makeup
  Improper diet
  Puberty, menopause
1. Proper skin care routine



1. Deep cleansing 

Always remember to use a makeup remover to thoroughly remove all makeup

Use a face wash designed for oily skin and pat dry the skin gently without vigorous rubbing. Avoid over drying cleanser with SLS (sodium laurel sulfate)

2. Serum & moisturizer & masque

Choose products that contain skin tightening properties; promote the synthesis of collagen and elastin, and skin protection function against free radical and oxidation. Useful ingredients include vitamin C (in the form of L-Ascorbyl acid, Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP), Ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate.

3. Exfoliation

Use a grainy exfoliant for deep pore cleansing and promote cell regeneration. 

4. Sun Protection

Choose a light weight sun protection with at least SPF 30 and PA++

5. Makeup

Keep makeup as light as possible and use makeup only when absolutely necessary. Always use an oil free foundation or makeup products

2. Promote a healthy lifestyle
  Lessen the pressure of life
  Regular exercise to flush out unnecessary toxins and drink several glasses of water daily to replenish your skin.
  Get sufficient and quality sleep for 8 hours
3. Maintain healthy pores with massages
  Massage is good for maintaining skin elasticity and preventing pores from enlarging. While washing your face or applying skin care routine, patting your face using fingers is a good massage.
4. Pay attention to your skin congestion, acne, and aging problems
  Comedones and acnes are symptons of enlarged pores, therefore, stop squeezing your acnes or blackheads and whiteheads.
  Aging is one of the main factors for enlarged pores, delay your aging process by managing your skin with the right skin care routine.
5. Common myth - Using cold packs or alcohol products help tighten an enlarged pore?
  Using these products may have temporary tightening effect, but it is extremely short lived.
  These products cause the capillaries to constrict and the tiny erectile muscles of the pores to tighten, but this may irritate a capillary, especially on sensitive skin.
  These products may actually encourage excessive sebum secretion, leading to an increased in the size of pore.

Frequently Asked Questions

What kind of skin is prone to developed open pores?

It is a natural process that our skin becomes inelastic and pores become larger as we age.

I have lots of visible pores on my cheeks, chin, foreheads, nose. What should I do?

There is no way to totally “invisible” the pores but proper skin care routine that helps control sebum production, boost hydration, exfoliation, or using vitamin C products and sun protection will improve and tighten the pores. Besides, consume more vitamin C rich foods will help improve the collagen synthesis and hence shrink the pores. Exercise, sufficient sleep, pressure management will all assist in the problem.

How does vitamin C tighten the pores?

Vitamin C, more exactly L-ascorbic acid, is essential in several enzymatic reactions in our body. For synthesis of collagen, L-ascorbic acid serves as a pro-collagen modifier in order for pro-collagen to become mature collagen and move to the skin pores area to help support the pores. With gain of sufficient collagen, it also provides the structural support system for tissue around the pores with strength and elasticity. In addition, it also acts as antioxidant to protect skin against oxidative stress and free-radical damage.

Will regular exfoliation help in open pores?

Yes, regular and gentle exfoliation (twice a week for oily skin) is needed to disintegrate the dead or dry skin cells on the surface of skin to unclog pores. This also encourages new cell turnover and prevents acne formation, reducing the chance for acne occurance.

How long will I see result of treating my acne?

The time for improvement depends upon the product being used and how intensive is the product, but in almost all cases it is more a matter of weeks or months instead of days.

Should I use cold water to close my large pores?

No. Cold water does not close large pores and can actually irritate the skin. To make the size of the pores less noticeable, rinse with tepid water (which makes skin feel tighter) but not with cold water.

I used to have pimples on my face. Now all the pimples are gone, but there appear a lot of open pores on my face. How can I solve my open pores problem?

Start your skin care routine with double cleanse to deep cleanser your pores to prevent the formation of acne again, followed by a soothing toner to refresh and hydrate your skin. You should apply pore tightening serum or moisturizer to tighten your skin, last and most importantly, use an exfoliant that helps in promoting cell renewal and sloughing off dead skin cells. Do not miss out a sunscreen to protect your skin from harmful sun UV.

I read some toner helps in tighten pores, using ice on face can also perform the same result, is it true?

Yes, some toners with alcohol or cold packs does help in pores tightening, but this is only temporary effect. In fact, it may also cause skin irritation. Be careful when using these products in treating your enlarged pores problem.

Cellnique complete skin care routine that helps tighten open pores?

I would like to try one of your products first, please advice which one should I use?

Cellnique Amino Collagen C Intense Set - It consists two bottles of oil-free serum which not only refine pores, but increase skin elasticity, repair damaged cells and moisture skin at the same time.

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